Best Naturopath Regina - The existence of high levels of cholesterol in the blood is called hypercholesterolemia. Even if it is not a sickness, it is considered a metabolic derangement which can be caused by a lot of illnesses, especially cardiovascular disease. Hypercholesterolemia is very much connected to the terms hyperlipoproteinemia, that means elevated lipoprotein levels within the blood and hyperlipidemia which translates to high levels of lipids in the blood.
Different elements can contribute to high cholesterol levels in the blood. High cholesterol levels within the blood are caused by abnormalities within lipoprotein levels within the blood, as these are the particles that are responsible for carrying cholesterol in the bloodstream. Genetic factors such as LDL receptor mutations found in familial hypercholesterolemia, eating habits and sicknesses like underactive thyroid or diabetes can all be contributing issues. The type of hypercholesterolemia is determined by which particle type is existing in excess, for example, low-density lipoprotein or otherwise known as LDL.
This condition is often treated by decreasing the dietary cholesterol intake, and the administration of various medications. For particularly severe subtypes, surgery may be needed but this is a rare option.
Signs and Symptoms
The existence of yellowish-coloured patches comprising cholesterol deposits found above the eyelids is called Xanthelasma palpebrarum. This is a common symptom in individuals who have familial hypercholesterolemia.
Hypercholesterolemia is an asymptomatic condition, however the longstanding elevation of serum cholesterol which can cause atherosclerosis. The formation of atheromatous plaques within the arteries could be caused by chronically high serum cholesterol. This can take decades to develop. This particular condition result in the narrowing or progressive stenosis of the involved arteries. In various patients, blockage or complete occlusion can happen. These stenotic or occluded arteries really reduce organ function due to the lack of blood supply to the affected organs and tissues. In the long run, organ function becomes impaired. It is at this time that restriction in blood supply, called tissue ischemia could manifest as particular indications.
A TIA or transient ischemic attack is momentary ischemia of the brain. This particular condition may manifest as dizziness, aphasia or difficult breathing, momentary vision loss, weakness or paresis and numbness or tingling on one side of the body referred to as paresthesia. When inadequate blood is being supplied to the heart, chest pain could be the effect. If ischemia of the eye happens, a temporary visual loss could occur in one eye. Calf pain felt while walking can be because of not enough blood supply in the legs and inadequate blood supply in the intestines can present as abdominal pain after eating.
Some kinds of hypercholesterolemia can present in specific ways. Like for instance, other than the Xanthelasma palpebrarum discussed above, there can also be gray or white discoloration of the peripheral cornea, referred to as arcus senilis and a deposition of yellowish cholesterol rich material called xanthomata could be found on the tendons particularly in the fingers. Type III hyperlipidema may be linked with xanthomata of the palms, elbows and knees.
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